Learning how to play the violin means that you will have to learn some of the technical and complexe art of violin making. As a first step, you will find the name and location of the main violin parts.
The scroll has an ornamental function most of the time, spiral shaped. You can sometimes find them carved in the shape of human head or lion.
The fineness of its realization may give an indication of the care taken in making the violin. It is varnished and serves to support the violinist during the instrument tuning.
The neck is the violin part that allows the violinist to hold his instrument, left hand for right-handed violinists and right hand for left-handed ones, but left-handed violins remaining extremely rare.
This part is not painted. The fingerboard, on which notes are played notes is pasted on it. The neck is usually made of maple.
The higher the quality of the instrument, the higher flamed and soft the neck should be.
- 1 The scroll
- 2 The neck
- 3 The fingerboard
- 4 The purfling
- 5 The violin top
- 6 The nose
- 7 The f holes
- 8 The violin back
- 9 Picture of the violin parts
- 10 The bridge
- 11 The tailpiece
- 12 The chinrest
- 13 The end pin
- 14 The nuts
- 15 The soundpost
- 16 The ribs
- 17 Magazine
- 18 Boutique
The violin fingerboard is the part, affixed to the neck on which the notes are played under the pressure of the fingers. On good quality instruments, this part is made of ebony, which is an extremely dense hardwood.
The more the finger is close to the scroll of the violin, the lowest is the note. This violin part is not varnished.
The violin purfling is an inscrustation on the periphery of the top and back of the instrument. These purflings play an aesthetic role, but they also serve as a reinforcement.
They are usually made of ebony. You may also find them double on some instruments or painted on low price violins.
The violin top
Violin top is the top visible part of the violin. It consists usually of two pieces of spruce, carved by a luthier in a massive piece of wood. It is very thin and yet supports a huge pressure. The wood fibers are vertical. It is varnished.
The violin nose is the junction between the neck and the body of the violin. It is a very important part from a structural point of view, since it alows to accommodate the neck that is stuck ont it. Rounded, it is part of the back of the violin.
The f holes
The “f” holes are two longitudinal openings in the center of the top of a violin. They are very important as they promote the oscillation of the under pressure table.
They also are the access to the positioning of the soundpost. There have more or less stylized shapes depending on the model and / or the luthier.
The violin back
The back or bottom of a violin is the bottom of the violin body. It can consist of one or two parts, of flamed maple, that is to say with visible horizontal lines that are a quality factor for wood structure and vibration.
This part of the violin is carved from a solid piece of wood. The back of the violin is varnished.
Picture of the violin parts
The bridge of a violin is an independent piece of maple which is perpendicular to the top and maintained under the pressure of the strings. It makes possible the transmission of the vibrations of the strings.
This is a piece that is systematically adjusted the violin, it is unique. The better the adherence of his feet and the better the transmission is. This part is not varnished.
The violin tailpiece is made of wood or synthetic material and keeps the strings on the top of the violin. It is secured to the endpin by an attachment. One can find many variations in the tailpiece: in the learning phase, tailpiece adjusters are sometimes recommended, easing violin tuning.
On the classic tailpiece there is often an adjuster on the E (Mi) string. Tailpieces are made of ebony, rosewood, boxwood and other synthetic materials. They generally match peg, endpin and chinrest wood.
This part is independent. The chinrest function is to help the violinist to hold the violin with the chin and to avoid varnish to be exposed to acidity resulting of sweat.
Generally it is assorted to the rest of accessories. You will find two different fixing methods: side fixation or central fixation around the endpin (the second one avoids ribs crushing).
The end pin
The violin end pin or end button is a piece of hardwood, placed into the violin enfoncée sous pression dans le violon (in the lower block). The endpin is the attachment point of the tailpiece and it is often assorted to pegs and tailpiece.
There are two violin nuts : the upper and lower nuts. The upper nut is meant to elevate the strings and when well adjusted, it increases the playing ease and comfort.
The lower nut is a reinforcement that receives the tailpiece attachment protecting this way the violin top wood and varnish. Those two parts are ebony made.
The violin soundpost is a small spruce cylindrical part, introduced by « f » holes and maintained inside the violin under pressure. This is a very important part (as its name suggests), its diameter and lenght are variable. The soundpost lenght varies depending on its precise position inside the violin: as this part must never be pasted, its lenght is therefore extremely precise.
The variation of its diameter has an impact on sound. This is the reason why the adjustment of the soundpost of a violin is so important and has remarkable consecuences on the sound of your violin : it is very delicate and should be executed by a professional.
Even if there is a classical parameter for adjustment, we can find some slight variations intending to improve the sound of a specific violin.
The violin ribs are made of maple. These parts are not carved, they initially are fine boards of 1 mm thick heat formed, assembled and crown formed.
They put together top and back of the violin. They are also flamed and reinforced in the corners thanks to the blocks. Violin ribs are varnished.